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Posts Tagged DIY

SuperPro Lower Arm Bushing

Posted in My Automotive Life | No Comments »

This is the result for my front lower arm bush after 31 078km at the Malaysia road + Tien HA.

The worst!

Did someone put the TNT bomb at my bush?

If your steering doesn’t follow your order, or even small road bump will make your steering lose control, this is may some of the cause, I think I want to take back my last words about polyurethane, even my car focus for daily and street driving, I need to consider about my sport suspension setup and harsh road condition and other variables, so, I need a solid solution (I really mean solid), here the cure, SuperPro bushing.

Repeat this procedure.

I also replace my swaybar bush with superpro.

After test drive : Wow, feel so refresh, car going smooth and rigid at the high RPM, improve cornering. (copy paste from my previous post 😛 just the impression is double) Great design and quality! No squeaking noise at all.

DIY : Honda Civic 1992-1995 Ball Joint Replacement

Posted in My Automotive Life | No Comments »

I think this procedure is similar for Honda Integra DC2, Civic 4th and 6th generation. I divide this post onto 3 parts, by removal sequence.

Part 1 : Lower Arm Ball Joint

  1. Remove the spindle nut – Previous post
  2. Separate the tie-rod end from the knuckle – Previous post
  3. Separate the ball joint from the lower arm – Previous post
  4. Separate the upper arm ball joint from the knuckle – Part 2

Then, remove ball joint from knuckle by first remove the circlip, then press out using pressing machine (machine shop).

Circlip remover.

The new design does’t have circlip…

Press the new one and put everything back together where they are belong except if you want to continue for part 2 and part 3, hold for the tie-rod end only if you want to skip to part 3

Part 2 : Upper Arm Ball Joint

Unfortunately, to remove the civic 5th generation upper arm, first, you need to remove the shock absorber, I think this is the reason why Honda redesign Civic 6th generation upper arm.

Separate the upper arm ball joint from the knuckle, same procedure from Part 1 (step 3).

Remove 4 nuts that hold the upper arm and shock absober.

Remove the damper pinch bolt…

so on with the damper fork bolt

And then you can grand the freedom for the shock absober.

Replacement part, according to my local supplier, there is no more OEM Honda upper arm for my vehicle, similar quality is from Sankei Industry Co.,Ltd. in the 555 trademark.

Made in Japan quality for sure.

Put everything back together.

Don’t forget your cotter-pin!

Part 3 : Steering Rack Ball Joint

Separate the tie-rod end from the knuckle, you can read from my previous post, it’s the same procedure.

Remove the rack end ball joint. (there have special tool to remove this, but I only used 2 big adjustable wrench, one to unscrew the rack end and another to hold the steering rack)

This is why they call it rack end.

Replacement part. Can you spot the difference? Yeah, the new one ball joint housing does’t have place for big wrench.

Alignment marking.

Screw it by hand…

Then tighten the rack end using wrench.

Coat the sliding surface of the rack end with the grease and insert the dust seal.

Don’t forget your tube clamp.

Can you spot the difference? Yeah, the new one made from the gold! (just kidding…)

Install back tie-rod end (refer to my previous post).

And, I don’t know why I put this picture…maybe symbolic for THE END.


5. Build Own House – Roof/Upper Beam

Posted in My House Construction | No Comments »

So, my project almost reach the upper level, the roof/upper beam.

Preparing the rebar cages, same procedure like ground beam, just reduce the size to 1 feet only.

Bringing up!

Using back 1.5 feet ground beam plywood formwork, some, I build the new one, this time I used the ‘bolt on’ technique. We’re just need 1 feet only, other 0.5 feet will be clamping force. Level it using spirit level, so, the beam will be even and have same height.

Inside the box.

In the meanwhile, we’re already have guest. The flying one.

The result.

Repeated. Using wooden stick to reserve the space for electrical conduit (Optional, you could hack the beam later on, but it will involve an extra job). Why not using electrical conduit itself? I like the flexibility thing. At this stage, it is essential to plan/know your house electrical wiring circuit diagram, the location for every points.

I think 0.5 inch is good enough…but I’m insufficient source…

Others guest…

Can you spot my second guest?

Close up. This is second resident, same nest, this remind me how long this project will goes…

 Looking and checking around…

I spare the extent of rebar for the porch construction (hold for now), I think we should step to another step?

3. Build Own House – Foundation

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This is the most important part (at least for me). The foundation.

“A foundation (or, more commonly, foundations) is the element of an architectural structure which connects it to the ground, and transfers loads from the structure to the ground. Foundations are generally considered either shallow or deep.[1] Foundation engineering is the application of soil mechanics and rock mechanics (Geotechnical engineering) in the design of foundation elements of structures.” Source :

There are many method/type for foundation, it depend on various of aspect, soil type, equipment, cost etc;, I’m not claim my foundation is perfect, it’s just work for me. If your study further more, even the soil investigation will  make your head spinning, all about time and money, in my case, I’m not do the mega-structure, so, experience playing the rule here and all within the spec.

Level the Ground

This is the important part, mostly because the uneven soil surface or has hills. This process will tell how different the ground level from stake to stake and how deep we need to dig every pad footing locations. From the previous post, I marked the pad footing with the wooden stakes.

Randomly mark the highest ground level wooden stake, for example in picture below, I mark stake B (I named the mark with the ‘black line’), so, stake B will be reference for all other stakes.

I used the traditional way, Bernoulli’s principle,  fluid dynamics. Using water (or any fluid that minimize/terminate the air bubbles), clear PVC tube flexible hose pipe (length = The longest distance of the building+a few meters spare) and need at least two peoples to do this job done. Filled the tube with the fluid, reserve about 1 feet, make sure there is  no air bubbles.

Person B will hold the end of the fluid at stake B, While the Person A will hold the end of the fluid at stake A. Person B will make sure the end of the fluid precisely parallel with the ‘black line’ at the B stake (I know that is not a wooden stick, just for demo only).

After that, person B will telling at the person A. Then person A will mark the stake A exactly at the end of the fluid. repeat this process for all the stakes, make stake B as reference.

Pad Footing

At this point, this is your decision, how much your desired height from ground to your building floor? From the lowest or the highest ground level? In my case, I measure from the lowest ground level, from the lowest level ground I want to build 1.5 feet ground beam (between length 1), from the ground to underground I need to dig about 3’x3’x0.5′ for pad footing (length 2).

So, how deep you need to dig every pads footing? Length 1 + length 2.

Before start the project, there are two basic elements that we need, 1st, water,

2nd, electricity, powered by Honda! To power the dream into the reality…

Yes, I dig it by hand. 

This is the trials after raining days.

The advantage of excavation by hand is you didn’t need to make the pad footing formwork, since the ground itself will be the permanent formwork.

This procedure below for ready-made-pillar only. No need for stump procedure.

Prepare the rebar (short for reinforcing bar), 3’x3′. Using Y10 BS 1.02 reinforced steel.

Prepare the concrete. Ratio for the foundations and footings that I used is, 1 part of cement with 3 parts of sand and 6 parts of aggregate (1:3:6). This concrete mixer is more than help, worth to buy. A slump test is a method used to determine the consistency of concrete.

Once again, powered by Honda! 

Pour concrete half of the pad footing then put the rebar then fully cover it with the concrete, so, no need for spacer, rebar will be permanently embedded in center of poured concrete to create a reinforced concrete pad footing structure to support the ready-made-pillar.

Ground Beam

Ground level beam foundation is common type of foundation to support the building and the loads that are within or on the building, and this is the type of foundation that I will apply, T-shaped foundation.

The general rule of thumb: 

  1. The depth of a strip foundation must be equal to or greater than the overall width of the wall.
  2. The width of the foundation must be three times (or greater, depend on others factor, such type of soil, lab analysis, etc. ) the width of the supported wall to allow for enough concrete to get a good bearing.

I Dig a trench between pad footing (about 2 ft. width ((4 inch brick width x3)+ 1′ reserve for formwork)), level the depth parallel with the each pad footings.

Stand the pillars at the pad footing locations.

Repeat the last post procedure, just change from the stakes to the pillars. Measure the length between pillars, level it with the spirit level then use 1″x2″ woods to make sure it steady at the placed.

My father check for the accuracy.

Prepare the rebar using Y10 BS 1.02 reinforced steel. R6 steel as rebar ligatures to provide shear reinforcement in concrete beams.

The picture will tell better.

My brother using the traditional way to consolidate the concrete, to reduce the amount of air pockets inside the concrete mass. Use the brick to make sure the rebar in the center position, then remove before the concrete reach the brick.

Prepare the rebar cages for the ground beam. Using Y10 BS 1.02 reinforced steel as well and R6 steel as rings.

In case if you wonder how to tie down the ring into the reinforced steel, here step by step,

Prepare the ground beam plywood formwork.

I apply used engine oil at the formwork surface as release agents.

Enclose rebar cages in formwork. Make sure the formwork is strong enough, as though as you didn’t want to remove it anymore. Level it using spirit level. If you notice, in-front of level spirit, there are small wooden stick, I used that to hang the rebar cages, tied with string, remove that after pouring the concrete.

Pouring the concrete and consolidate it.

Make sure to leave an in-and-out internal access for the last part.

 I think this is the hardest job to be done, need a lot of effort, money and time, and I glad it done well! 

2. Build Own House – Setting Out

Posted in My House Construction | No Comments »

To make it simple, setting out is to transferred the actual scale (100%) of floor plan to the site using string lines and wooden stakes. The purpose is to know the boundaries and to know where is the location of pad footing and this gives us the location of the house for inspection by local authority building inspector, for approval. I found this video is very informative for beginner,

This is the time we need to use what we learn from our secondary school, Theorem Pythagoras! 3-4-5 trick, if A = 3, B = 4, the C will absolutely be 5.

Apply for every corner, then measure the blue and red point length for accuracy, they should be equal.

Then, repeat this process on all sides of your home…sound simple right? The orange box is our pad footing location.

I used wooden stakes to mark the pad footing location.

Helped by my father.